David Pred – Co-Founder and Executive Director
David Pred is the co-founder and executive director of Inclusive Development International. David has worked for over 15 years to support grassroots movements around the world to hold governments, corporations and financial institutions accountable for land-grabs, forced displacement and related human rights violations. He has represented communities in cases before a range of international human rights and accountability mechanisms and has advocated for human rights reforms at international financial institutions and in global trade regimes. Prior to establishing Inclusive Development International, David founded and served from 2003-2011 as Executive Director of Bridges Across Borders Cambodia, an international solidarity organization working to support people’s action for human rights, social justice and equitable development in Cambodia. In 2012, he oversaw the localization and transformation of the organization into Equitable Cambodia, which is today one of Cambodia’s leading national human rights groups. David also co-founded the Cambodian Housing Rights Task Force, a coalition of local and international organizations working to end forced evictions and promote the right to adequate housing in Cambodia. David has developed community and practitioner guides on corporate accountability and the defense of land, housing and natural resource rights. He has facilitated dozens of skills trainings on human rights, development finance and corporate accountability in Asia and Africa.
David holds an MA in the theory and practice of human rights from the University of Essex and a BA in political science and international relations from the University of Florida.
Mark Gibney – Chair of the Board
Mark Gibney is the Belk Distinguished Professor at the University of North Carolina-Asheville. From 2014-2016 he served as the inaugural Raoul Wallenberg Visiting Professor of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the Faculty of Law, Lund University and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute. Gibney is one of the founding members of the Extraterritorial Obligations (ETO) Consortium and he serves on the Board of Editors of Human Rights Quarterly, the Journal of Human Rights and the International Studies Journal (Iran). Since 1984, Gibney has directed the Political Terror Scale (PTS) (PoliticalTerrorScale.org), which measures levels of physical integrity violations in more than 190 states and this work has recently been expanded to include the Societal Violence Scale (SVS), which provides a comparative analysis of human rights violations by non-state actors. His recent book publications include: International Human Rights Law: Returning to Universal Principles (2015, 2d ed.); Litigating Transnational Human Rights Obligations: Alternative Judgments (2014), the Handbook of Human Rights (2014), and Watching Human Rights: The 101 Best Films (2013).
Joanne Bauer – Vice Chair of the Board
Joanne Bauer is Adjunct Professor at School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, where she teaches business and human rights. She is also Senior Researcher at Columbia’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights, and co-founded the Teaching Business and Human Rights Forum, based at Columbia, which involves over 280 faculty from over 150 institutions in 40 countries. From 2006-2012 she was Senior Researcher with Business & Human Rights Resource Centre where she led the Asia program. Prior to that, from 1994 to 2005, Joanne was Director of Studies at the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs (New York), where she founded the Carnegie Council’s research programs on human rights and environmental values. An Asia specialist for more than 25 years, she has traveled extensively in the region and has published books and articles on human rights in Asia. Bauer is a Senior Fellow, Melbourne University Law School, and a member of the International Advisory Board of Business & Human Rights Resource Centre.
Elizabeth Porter – Treasurer
Elizabeth Porter is an economist specializing in teaching development, humanitarian assistance, and environmental and natural resource economics. She has over 17 years of professional field experience in international development, serving as a consultant on issues of ethical commodity chains and international humanitarian assistance. Elizabeth currently serves as a Senior Faculty member at the University of North Carolina-Asheville with the Consortium for Humanitarian Service and Education (CHSE), an international group of educators, practitioners, and students from a variety of backgrounds. The Consortium provides realistic, simulation-based experiential training which prepares students and practitioners for work in disaster response and recovery, humanitarian aid, leadership, and negotiation in domestic and international emergencies. She is currently finishing her PhD dissertation in Food & Resource Economics on cacao and its role in income generation in the reduction of deforestation from the Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) at the University of Florida.
Elizabeth is the owner of the Porters & Importers Company, a small-business specializing in Fair Trade handicrafts. She has worked as an Environmental Educational Consultant with Rainforest Alliance, and with a number of other non-profit organizations supporting sustainability through education in the Amazon Rainforest. Working in the Ecuadorian Amazon since 2000, Elizabeth has personally witnessed the vast and varied impacts generated by economic and social factors on the rainforest.
Anna Demant – Secretary
Anna Demant is the Foundation Manager at Planet Wheeler Foundation. Her focus areas are Myanmar; the Thai-Burma border; Cambodia and Laos. She also manages partnerships in Afghanistan, and Australia. Planet Wheeler was an early supporter of Inclusive Development International, and a long-term supporter of IDI’s sister organization Equitable Cambodia. Previously Anna managed the Lonely Planet Foundation, and worked as Fundraising Manager at International Women’s Development Agency.
Bonny Ibhawoh – Director
Bonny Ibhawoh (M.A. Ibadan; Ph.D Dalhousie) teaches Human Rights History and African History in the Department of History and the Centre for Peace Studies. He also teaches in the McMaster Arts & Scence Program and the Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition. He has taught in universities in Africa, Europe and North America. Previously, he was professor at Brock University, Canada; professor in the Department of Political Science at University of North Carolina at Asheville; Human Rights Fellow at the Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs, New York; Research Fellow at the Danish Institute for Human Rights, Copenhagen and Associate Member of the Centre for African Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. He has also taught at Ambrose Alli University and the University of Lagos.
Dr Ibhawoh is a member of the United Nations Expert Mechanism Group on the Right to Development. His research interests are global human rights, peace/conflict studies, legal and imperial history. His articles on these themes have appeared in historical and interdisciplinary journals – Human Rights Quarterly, The Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, the Journal of Global History, and Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology (Journal of the American Psychological Association). He is the author of Human Rights in Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2018); Imperial Justice (Oxford University Press, 2013) and Imperialism and Human Rights (SUNY Press, 2007) [named Choice Outstanding Academic Title]. Dr Ibhawoh is member of the College of New Scholars of the Royal Society of Canada, a recipient of the McMaster Student Union Teaching Award and the Nelson Mandela Distinguished Africanist Award.
Rob Lake – Director
Rob Lake is an Independent Responsible Investment Advisor focusing in particular on the strategic implications of environmental and social issues for pension funds and other asset owners. Rob has worked with investors in Australia, Canada, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Singapore, the UK and the US. He was a contributor to the UN Environment Program Inquiry into the Design of a Sustainable Financial System, and has been an advisor to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on the implications for investors of the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. He is a former member of the Strategy Council to the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global.
He was previously with the UN Principles for Responsible Investment, the Dutch pension manager APG and the London investment management firm Henderson Global Investors. Before entering the investment industry in 2001, he spent 13 years in policy and advocacy roles with environmental and international development NGOs.
Jean du Plessis – Director
Jean du Plessis is based in the Secretariat of the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) at UN-Habitat in Nairobi, Kenya, where he is responsible for coordinating the implementation of the GLTN capacity development strategy and its work on the continuum of land rights. He is also the focal point for the GLTN research and training institutions cluster. Jean holds a Masters’ degree in Political Philosophy from the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. He has 25 years’ experience in the human rights, land, housing and development sectors. In the course of his career he has worked in and with communities, non-governmental organisations, universities, bilateral institutions, governments and UN agencies. This work included support to South African communities facing forced removal under apartheid; and, after 1994, communities pursuing land rights, reconstruction and development in the post-apartheid context. From 1996 to 2000 he was policy director and then chief director of the South African Government’s land restitution programme. From 2002 Jean served six years as the deputy director of the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), based in Geneva. This was followed by a period working as an international consultant, until he joined GLTN in 2011. Jean has research, facilitation, capacity development and implementation experience in South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Timor-Leste, Nigeria, Thailand and Indonesia. He has published variously on land, housing, evictions, human rights and development.
Kate Geary – Director
Kate Geary is Co-Director of Recourse. Previously, Kate led Oxfam’s advocacy on land rights, working in support of communities affected by land grabs and campaigning for policy change; and was also a policy adviser for Oxfam on climate change and the private sector. Before joining Oxfam in 2004, Kate worked for a number of environmental and human rights organisations – including TERRA in Southeast Asia – and was Coordinator of the Ilisu Dam Campaign coalition, including Friends of the Earth, the Kurdish Human Rights Project and The Corner House. She has published and co-authored a number of reports including The Suffering of Others: the human cost of the International Finance Corporation’s lending through financial intermediaries, Our Land, Our Lives, The New Forests Company and its Uganda Plantations, Now or Never. Climate Change: Time to get down to business; The Forecast for Tomorrow: The UK’s climate for change and Dams Inc: The record of twelve European dam-building companies; and for several years edited Watershed magazine in Thailand. She has a degree in Modern Languages from Oxford University.
Bruce Shoemaker – Director
Bruce Shoemaker is an independent researcher based in far northern California who focuses on natural resource conflict issues in the Mekong Region. Among his current projects is the preparation of an edited volume on the World Bank’s involvement in the Nam Theun 2 hydropower project in Laos, to be published by University of Wisconsin Press. He has lived in Laos for eight years and Thailand for three while working for a number of NGOs and subsequently was employed, for more than ten years, as the program advisor for the Southeast Asia Grants Program of The McKnight Foundation, helping the foundation focus its grant making around natural resource rights issues as well as support for Indigenous Peoples organizations and other grassroots community organizing. He has a particular interest in the impacts of large hydropower projects on the lives and livelihoods of local communities in the Mekong Region and has authored or co-authored numerous articles and reports in this field.
Eleanor Loudon – Director
Eleanor Loudon has worked in the community sector for more than 20 years in Australia and overseas and has extensive experience in community development and business management. Eleanor has a Masters of Management (Community Sector) from University of Technology, Sydney. She has expertise in organizational development, social inclusion, civil society strengthening, capacity development, participatory program design, organizational management, business development and strategic planning. Eleanor first met IDI when she lived in Cambodia for 4 years, running the Australian Volunteers International program in Cambodia, which provided technical assistance to Equitable Cambodia. After Cambodia, she led a large NGO in Sri Lanka for 3 years and now she is now back in Australia where she is the Chief Executive Officer of Engineers Without Borders Australia.